Set up military treasury
demobilisation of troops, veterans received land/money
reduced total number to 28 legions
Terms of Service, AD6
Praetorian Guard, 12-16 years (selected citizens), paid 750 D
Legionaries, 16-20 years (citizens), paid 225 D
Auxiliaries, 25 years (citizens of imperial provinces) ???
Recruited from north and west of Empire.
Help serve in the areas they were recruited from (inside knowledge of land).
Given Roman citizenship upon discharge
Emperors bodyguard (as well as German bodyguard)
didn't go on campaign unless Emp. did
28BC, 9 cohorts. 3 in or near Rome, 6 in other Italian states
Tacitus- after your official discharge your service is not finished...'settled' in some waterlogged swamp or untiled mountainside. Truly the army is a harsh, unrewarding profession
Res Gestae- about 500,000 Roman citizens took the military oath of allegiance to me. Somewhat over 300,000 of these i settled...once they had served theor time
Strabo - divided the whole Empire into two parts. Imperial needed military garrison
Suetonius- legions and their auxiliaries were distributed among the various provinces...never kept more than 3 cohorts on duty in Rome...he formed an Army Treasury maintained by additional taxation