What is an attitude?
Moody (1980) - 'a mental state of readiness organise through experiences that influences the response of an individual towards any object or situation with which it is related'
an attitude is enduring and so can last a lifetime but is unstable and can be changed
attitude is directed to an attitude object which is the people, subject or situation which the attitude is directed.
Prejudice - a predetermine view or opinion which may be unfairly biased
this can reduce the possibility of a young person partaking in sport and can occur in two ways...
- prejudice directed toward a sport in general
- a young person discourage being the victim of prejudice
"an attitude is a predisposition to act in a certain way towards some aspects of the persons environment including other people" Mednick
E.G. coach may call a talented player as lazy because he doesnt do an extra practice session even if the player has a good reason. unjustified negative prejudice could be displayed by coach towards the player
Origin of Attitudes
- pleasant experience in PE through positive reinforcement is likely to promote a positive attitude towards sport and engage in lifelong participation
- unpleasant experience e.g. failure, critcism or injury would cause a negative attitude
- early childhood parents encouraging positive attitudes towards sports
- in teen years peers has a big influence as if a group of friends participate in sport enthusiastically it is likely that you would want to conform and gain acceptance
- Media can also stimulate the formation of an attitude
- Culture can cause attitudes in regards to religion, race and peer groups
- social class e.g. rugby league associated with working class while private golf club associated with middle class population.