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  • Created by: Steph
  • Created on: 14-12-12 14:41

Define attachment

A close and emotional response between two people characterised by mutual affection and the desire to maintain proximity.

- Schaffer

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What are the stages of the strange situaton?

1. Parent and infant play 2. Parent sits while infant plays 3. Stranger enters and talks to parent 4. Parent leaves, infant plays, stranger offers comfort if needed. 5.Parent returns , greets infant, offers comfort if needed, stranger leaves. 6.Parent leaves, infant alone. 7. Stranger enters and offers comfort. 8. Parent returns, greets infant and offer comfort if needed.

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What are the 3 attachment types ( Ainsworth)

1. Secure attachment

2. Insecure- Resistant

3. Insecure-avoidant

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How does a securely attached child behave in ** ?

A securely attached child will show signs of distress when the mother leaves and the stranger will be able to offer some comfort to the child. When the mother re-enters, the child will run up to her enthusiatically and hug her, generally great her with happiness and joy. Signs of behaviour such as smiling will be shown on reunion.

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How does insecure-resistant behave in **?

An insecure-resistant child will cry with intense distress when the mother leaves and the stranger will not be able to offer any comfort to infant and infant will avoid the stranger. On reunion, the insecure-resistant attached child will go to the mother however will reject physical contact with her and possibly push her away.

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how does insecure-avoidant child behave in **?

The insecure-avoidantly attahed infant will show very little emotional response to being left by the mother. The stranger can interact with the baby and have the same significance as the mother can. The infant shows very little interest that the mother has returned on reunion.

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what the components in Bowlby's theory?



Continuity Hypothesis

Internal working Model

Sensitive period


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