a close emotional relationship between 2 people characterised by mutal affection and a desire to maintain close promixity.(Schaffer 1993)
mutual=must be reciprocated
promixity=want to be close
a negative working model of relationships. bond is weaker and this may result in an anxious or insecure relationships between infant and caregiver.
3 types of insecure attachment
- avoidance (type A)
- resistance (type B)
- disorganised (type D)
a strong content bond between infant and caregiver. infant shows distress at separation and comforted when reunited.
a positive working model of relationships
3 basic personality types: easy, difficult, and slow to warm up
child forms secure attachments= "easy" temperament
child forms insecure attachments= difficult temperament.
being removed from something or someone for a period of time
a loss of something or not being allowed contact to something or someone.
e.g loss of an attachment figure
where an individual has never had something.
e.g the lack of a non development of an attachment bond.
an example of extreme privation
during their early years they have usually been locked away by their parents and isolated from the wider society
it has been recognised as a distinct psychiatric condition and explains the effects of early disruptions in attachments.