ATTACHMENT: LEARNING THEORY

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  • Created by: _Holly98
  • Created on: 17-03-16 09:17

LEARNING THEORY

DOLLARD & MILER PROPOSED CARE-GIVER INFANT ATTACHMENT EXPLAINED LEARNING THEORY

CUBOARD LOVE

EMPHASIS PROVIDER OF FOOD

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CLASSICAL CONDITIONING

ASSOCIATE TWO STIMULI TOGETHER 

FOOD UNCONDITIONED STIMULUS - FED = PLEASURE = UNCONDITIONED RESPONSE

CAREGIVER NEUTRAL STIMULUS - ASSOCIATED FOOD

NETURAL STIMULUS = CONDITIONED STIMULUS

CAREGIVER = CONDITIONED RESPONSE PLEASURE

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OPERANT CONDITIONING

LEARNING BEHAVIOUR DEPENDS CONSEQUENCES

REINFORCED IF PLEAESNT CONSEQUENCE IS PRODUCED 

BABIES CRY COMFORT

CRYING LEADS RESPONSE - REINFORCED

CAREGIVER RESPONDS 'SOCIAL SUPPRESSOR' 

CAREGIVER - NEGATIVE REINFORCMENT AS CRYING STOPS

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ATTACHMENT SECONDARY DRIVE

LEARNING THEORY DRAWS ON DRIVE REDUCTION

HUNGER = PRIMARY DRIVE - INNATE BIOLOGICAL MOTIVATOR

SEARS ET AL SUGGEST CAREGIVER PROVIDE FOOD

PRIMARY DRIVE ASSOCIATED WITH THEM

THUS ATTACHMENT SECONDARY DRIVE - ASSOCIATED CAREGIVER & SATISFACTION OF DRIVE

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EVALUATION: COUNTER EVIDENCE ANIMAL RESEARCH

ANIMAL STUDIES ANIMALS DONT ATTACH THOSE WHO FEED THEM

LORENZ & HARLOW ATTACHMENT DOESNT DEVELOP RESULT FEEDING

SAME TRUE HUMANS

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EVALUATION: COUNTER EVIDENCE HUMAN

FEEDING DOESNT APPEAR IMPORTANT FACTOR

SCAFFER & EMERSON PRIMARY ATTACHMENTS MOTHER - CARER DID MOST FEEDING

FEEDING NOT KEY - NO UNCONDITIONED STIMULUS / PRIMARY DRIVE INVOLVED

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IGNORES FACTORS ASSOCIATED ATTACHMENT

RESEARCH SUGGESTS RECIPROCITY & INTERACTIONAL SYNCHRONY IMPORTANT

BEST QUALITY - CARERS PICK UP SIGNALS - RESPOND WELL

IF THROUGH FEEDING NO PURPOSE COMPLEX INTERACTIONS

NO RELATIONSHIP QUALITY ACTIONS & ATTACHMENT

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