Aspects of narrative

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Language devices

  • Alliteration
  • Sound patterning
  • Sibilance
  • Plosive sounds
  • Onomatopoeia
  • Rhyming
  • Assonance
  • Consonance
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Imagery

  • Simile
  • Metaphor
  • Extended metaphor
  • Personification
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Emotive language

  • Tone
  • Vocabulary
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Persuasive language

  • Rhetorical questions
  • Rhetorical triplets
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Beginnings and endings

  • Destination
  • Forshadowing
  • Antithesis
  • Hyperbole
  • Paradox
  • Engaging/exciting?
  • Reading as a journey
  • Revelations
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Titles

  • Potential meanings
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Points of view

  • Imperative
  • Shifting perspectives
  • The narrator- 1st or 3rd person?
  • - Proximity to the action
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Time and sequence

  • Chronology
  • Shape/order of events
  • Flashbacks
  • Circular
  • Spiral
  • Disjointed
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Significant moments

  • Crisis
  • Climax
  • Key events
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Repetition

  • Reinforcement to amplify/create meaning
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Narrative gaps

 

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Voices

  • Direct speech
  • Attribution
  • Indirect speech
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Characterisation

  • Names
  • Appearance
  • Speech
  • Actions
  • Motives
  • What others say, what others think
  • Description
  • Personality
  • Voice of 1st person narrator-persona
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Structure

  • Line length
  • Syllables
  • Stanza length
  • Symbolism
  • Foreshadowing
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Scenes and places/setting

  • Atmosphere
  • Symbolism
  • Pathetic fallacy
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