1. division of labour - women = house work & cildcare. men paid work. DofL chanegd over time domestic labour shared.
2. Functionalists: Parsons- labour diveded so women take expressive roles and men take instrumental roles - this is based on biological distinctions.
3. Feminists: DofL not neutral OR biologgical, created by society - only benefits men. reject MoP as inequality still remains, women do most housework due to maintaining patriarchy. Ann Oakley - little evidence of symmetry, only a minority. housewife remains primary role for women, causing economic dependance of men.
4. Elizabeth Bott: conjunal roles - roles within marriage., segrated = roles carried otu seperately where joint = shared roles couple do things together.
5. Young&Wilmott: symmetrical family - part of march of progress where family life has improved for all members - more democracy. so women work, men assist in house work, leisurely time spent together.
6. Mry Boulton (fem): less then 20% of men/fathers have keyrole in childcare - shows women primary carers.
7. Lydia Morris: dual burden - paid work and unpaid work. if male doesnt work he stills sees domestic labour as womans job from traditional view. M/C have access to childcare because can afford it - whereas W/C cannot afford and have to manage both forms of work.
8. MOrgan: emotional work + paid work + unpaid work = triple shift
9> same sex relationships highligt less inequality share equal house work / childcare.
10. Decision making: women have less say, men main earners so they take more family resources. two types of controlling family income - 1.Pooling = both partners income & joint responsibility for expense 2. allowance system = men give wives allowance to budget family needs surplus kept by him. Janet Finch- womens lives fixed around husbands careers. man has final say - earns more money.