AS Psychology - Memory - Models of Memory

AS Psychology, AQA exam. 

To make these work, you'd have to print them off and draw on the arrows for the models :) 

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  • Created by: Katie
  • Created on: 24-05-11 08:53

Multi - Store Model

Sensory Input

Sensory memory

Forgetting                       Short Term Memory


Long Term Memory

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Strengths and Weaknesses


The Primary Effect - Reasearch shows that participants are only able to recall the first few items of a list, MSM explains this because earlier items would have been rehearsed better and transfered to LTM.

The Recency Effect - Participants also tend to remember the last few items on a list because they are still in thier STM.

Korsakoff's syndrome -  They can recall last items on the list, but thier LTM is very poor, showing that STM and LTM are separate stores.


People don't always rehearse things in real life, but things still get transfered into LTM. Rehearsal is not always neede, and some items can't be rehearsed (e.g. smells) 

The model is oversimplified

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Working Memory Model

          Rehearsal                                                                   Rehearsal 

Articulatory - Phonological loop        Visuo- Spatial Sketchpad                                 


     Central Executive 

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Strengths and Weaknesses


KF - was a brain damaged patient who had an impaired STM. His problem was with immideiate recall of words presented verbally. But not with visual information. This suggested he had an impared articulatory loop, and therefore providing evidence for the WMM view of STM. 


Central executive is simplistic and vague. Doesnt explain what the Central executive is apart from it being involved in attention.

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