Written account of a spoken conversation
The words you use
The way you sound and say words
Missing words from a sentence
'Gonna come out tonight?' instead of 'Are you going to come out tonight?'
Personal Language Map
Stresses and emphasis put on parts of words
Diverting a topic but coming back to the same topic previously spoken about
The spontaneous speech in a transcript
In a transcript the pointing effect
'Like' 'You know'
A grammatically incorrect statement/utterance
A new word
Two negatives words in the same sentence
'I did not do nothing'
A phrase that is meaningless
'You know' 'Hello, how are you' 'See you later'
The right and proper way to pronounce and write words
(1'') (2'') (0.2) (.)
'Where where did you go'
Unintentionally repeating a word or phrase
Where a topic/theme is deviated from
Pointing function, reference to immediate context
Often relates to time and place
Would appear clumsy if written 'French and that'
COLLOQUIAL WORDS AND EXPRESSIONS
FALSE START CHANGES
Changes from one grammatical construction to another
'I want to will you marry me?'