Which elements are found in carbohydrates and what is their general formula?

1 of 6

Carbohydrates are made up of carbon,hydrogen and oxygen.

Their general formula is Cx(H20)y.

2 of 6

Monosaccharides and disaccharides are sweet, soluble in water and generally function as energy supplies. Monosaccharides also perform structural roles e.g ribose and deoxyribose are pentose sugars with a structural role in nucleic acids.

3 of 6

Globular proteins have a roughly spherical shape and have a physiological function e.g enzymes

Fibrous proteins are usually long,coiled strands of flat sheets and have a structural function e.g collagen.

4 of 6

Polysaccharides are carbohydrates which consist of large numbers of monosaccharides joined together by glycosidic bonds.

5 of 6

The following are all proteins:

Haemoglobin transports oxygen in red blood cells.

Antibodies protect the body from infection.

Enzymes catalyse metabolic reactions.

Hormones are responsible for chemical co-ordination in living organisms.

6 of 6


No comments have yet been made

Similar Biology resources:

See all Biology resources »