The cell wall is tough and protects the prokaryote, by creating a barrier between the cell and the outside environment.
Are what prokaryote have instead of mitochondria they are folded multiple times to form a lining of the cell membrane. This provides a large surface area for the attempt of enzymes involved in respiration.
Is unique genetic material that in prokaryotes, is not contained. It is free flowing in the cells cytoplasm.
Are separate small circular sections of DNA that carry a few genes.
Are small organelles (70s) that are the site of protein synthesis.
They are free flowing in the cytoplasm.
Protects the cell and keeps it moist.
It also maintains the cells shape.
Has a whip-like tail structure that allows movement for the prokaryote.
Smallest microbe is a virion
Acellular (non living)
Can only replicate inside of host cells- where is causes damage to targeted and surrounding cells
It contains nucleic acids (DNA or RNA) that code for between 5-100 different proteins. Additionally, it contains capsids, proteins made from capsomeres arranged as a helix.