Arrhenius' idea - Acids
'An Acid is something when dissolved in water will produce H+ ions'
Acids release hydrogen ions in water.
Arrhenius' idea - Bases
Bases dissociated in water to give hydroxide ions.
Arrhenius focused on the idea that acids and bases split into ions when they dissolved in water. In a sense, the Arrhenius concept focuses on what the chemical contains or what is there in solution.
Important features of acids and bases: They are multiprotism and neutralization.
Acids and bases neutralize one another because the hydrogen ion and the hydroxide ion combine with one another to form water.
Acid = HCl
HCl H+ + Cl-
Base = NaOH
NaOH Na+ + OH-