Argument Components

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Reason

A general statement that supports a conclusion by giving us grounds or information which helps us to believe, accept, or agree with a conclusion.

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Conclusion

A claim, which is supported by reasons, which we are supposed to accept after reading the argument.

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Counter Assertion

A statement that goes against the main reasoning in the passage which, when shown to be wrong, strengthens the main conclusion.

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Counter Argument

Reasons and a conclusion that go against the main reasoning in the passage which, when shown to be wrong, strengthens the main conclusion.

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Evidence

Information such as a survey/research data, statistics (percentages or proportions) and statistical representations (e.g. graphs).

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Example

A situation that is used to support a reason.

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Intermediate Conclusion

A conclusion drawn on the way to the main conclusion, supported by reasons, but acting itself as a reason for the main conclusion or other intermediate conclusions.

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Analogy

A form of argument that uses parallels between similar situations to persuade an audience to accept a conclusion.

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General Principle

'Rule-like' statements, guidelines, instructions, etc. that are not limited to specific situations and that apply beyond the immediate circumstances of a particular argument.

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