Architecture Terms

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Classical Architecture

  • 3 orders of architecture
    • Doric- plain, more masculine
    • Ionic- 'matronly'
    • Corithian- more decorative, leaf pattens
    • (Plus Tuscan and Composite)
  • Entablature
    • Corince
    • Architrave
    • Freize
  • Pediment
  • Typanum
  • Entasis
  • Loggia
  • Niche, maybe with statuettes
  • Balustade
  • Pilasters and colums (can be engaged, fluted or non-fluted)
  • Dome (may be ribbed) and lantern
  • Swags (floral decoration)
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Medieval/ Gothic Architecture

  • Transcpets
  • Nave
  • Aisles
  • Bays
  • Narthex (porch)
  • Apse
  • Buttress, could be a flying buttress
  • Multi-foil
  • Clerestory
  • Triforium (gallery)
  • Vaults (tiercieron and lierne), may have bosses in them
  • Pinnicle and finial (maybe crockets)
  • Mullion (stone between the windows)
  • Rose window and tracery
  • Lancet windows
  • Archivolts
  • Columns/ piers
  • Lancet, equilaterial, depressed or ogee windows
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Other Architecture

  • Oeils de beouf windows
  • Stash windows
  • Bay windows
  • Rustication
  • Pitched roof
  • Gables
  • Eaves
  • Perron staircase
  • Cantilever
  • Pillotis
  • Ribbon windows
  • Quoin
  • Swags
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