AQA-PSYA3-Eating Behaviours- Social Learning Theory-Studies

A quiz on the required studies into the Social Learning Theory in eating behaviour. 


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Question 1.

What did Brown and Ogden find? (Parental Modelling)



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Answer 1.

Brown and Ogden found consistent similarities in food intake, eating motivations and body dissatisfaction with mothers and children. 

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Question 2.

Describe the research study by Nicklaus et al.

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Answer 2.

(this study provides information for AO1, evaluation points to this study provides a basis for AO2/3)

Nicklaus et al. 

Where? France 

Who? Participants in 4 age groups. 4-7, 8-12, 13-16, 17-22.

Used: Data collected for the 2-3 year olds on their food preferences at nurseries. 

What? Children allowed free choice on food, The children and families were invited to take part in a follow up study a few years after.

How? Questionnaire on current food preferences.

Findings: Correlations between food preferences between mother and child at ages 2-3, 4-7 significant. Later ages were not. Some increase for vegetable preferences with age. Some decrease in preferences with meat with age for females, remained stable with males.  

Conclusions: Preferences in early adulthood/ adolescence became influenced by exposure. Supports the role of social, psychological and cultural factors influencing food preferences in adolescences and early adulthood. Preferences at a later age related to preferences at ages 2-3, highlighting the importance of early experiences. 

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Question 3.

Give any ethical and methodological issues from this study. 

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Answer 3.

Demand characteristics: The follow up study involved questionnaires/ interviews.

Ethical Issues: No need for deception. Participants could give fully informed consent.

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