FUEL -> FUEL OXIDE + CARBON DIOXIDE
CALCIUM CARBONATE -> CALCIUM OXIDE + CARBON DIOXIDE
Requires high temperature
The process of separating different substances because of different boiling points
USED IN CRUDE OIL. LONG AND SHORT HYDROCARBONS.
Cracking is breaking long hydrocarbons to make them shorter.
This means for excessively produced fractions in the distillation process more fuels like petrol can be produced.
REQUIRES HIGH TEMP AND A CATALYST
A Monomer is a single alkene molecule.
A polymer, is a long chained Alkane. Which is made up of lots of Alkene.
WRITE A POLYMER LIKE... poly(ethene). << STAYS WRITTEN AS AN ALKENE.
Need for polymerisation: PRESSURE/HEAT AND A CATALYST.
Used from Metal extraction above the reactivity of carbon, which is normally used for reduction reactions.
EXPENSIVE, USES ELECTRIC (Mostly produced by Fossil Fuels)<.
This is the process where the hydrogen is added to an unsaturated fat to make it saturated (no double bonds)
SOOO...SAY WE HAD....
UNSATURATED FAT + HYDROGEN -> SATURATED FAT
NEED 60degrees and a nickel catalyst. All these catalysts eh?!
Combustion - Incomplete
Combustion - I-C
Incomplete combustion is where there isn't enough oxygen to allow the reaction to occur properly. This leads to production of some gases we don't want!
If we wanted to incinerate waste, incomplete combustion can be a problem!
Combustion - Complete
Combustion - C
This basically produced:
FUEL + OXYGEN = WATER + CARBON DIOXIDE
This is a reduction/oxidation reaction.
Reduction is used in industrial process to purify metals.
IRON OXIDE + CARBON = IRON + CARBON DIOXIDE
^ THE CARBON HAS REACTED WITH THE OXYGEN TO "STEAL" IT AWAY FROM THE LESS REACTIVE IRON.
Reduction reactions can only be used in industry where the metal oxide is lower in the reactivity series.