What is an Internal Factor in Education?
What is an External Factor in Education?
- Internal factors are factors within schools and the education system, like interactions between pupils and teachers.
- External Factors are factors outside the education system, such as the influence of home and family background.
WHAT ARE THE THREE EXTERNAL FACTORS THAT AFFECT PUPILS' EDUCATIONAL ACHIEVEMENT?
- CULTURAL DEPRIVATION
- MATERIAL DEPRIVATION
- CULTURAL CAPITAL
What do Cultural Depriation Theorists argue about Cultural Deprivation?
What is the basic 'cultural equipment' Cultural Deprivation Theorists call?
- They argue that most of us begin to acquire the basic values, attitudes and skills that are needed for educational success throught primary socialisation in the family.
- Includes things such as language, self-discipline and thinking/reasoning skills.
What other thing does Cultural Deprivation Theorists think about children?
What are the THREE MAIN TYPES of Cultural Deprivation?
- They believe that many working class families fail to socialise their children adequately. These children grow to be 'culturally deprived' (lacking the cultural equipment needed to do well at school and so they underachieve).
- INTELLECTUAL DEVELOPMENT, LANGUAGE, ATTITUDES AND VALUES!!
What is Intellectual Development?
Which sociologist found working-class pupils scored lower on tests of ability than middle-class pupils?
WHICH SOCIOLOGISTS HIGHLIGHTED THE IMPORTANCE OF LANGUAGE FOR EDUCATIONAL ACHIEVEMENT, AND WHY?