AQA A2 Sociology Unit 4 - Crime and Deviance - Control theories

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  • Created by: Amy
  • Created on: 03-05-14 17:16

Control Theory part 1

If restraints are weakened, people will resort back to selfish acts (London riots)

Formal control - agencies that maintain order

Informal controls - social interaction through conformity

Hirschi - four crucial social bonds

  • Attachement - importance of anothers view
  • Commitment - things to lose
  • Belief - Strength of morals
  • Involvement - life 

Farrington and West 

  • Working class men, single parent families with poor socialisation = offenders

Dennis and Erdos 

  • Disintergration of extended families and break down of community = lack of social controls
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Control Theory part 2

Decline in fatherfigure 

  • Weakened controls = deliquent behaviour

Charles Murray - Underclass and community social control

  • No desire to work
  • Casual sex with multiple partners
  • Children outside stable relationships

Foucault - Discipline

  • Pre-modern - public and brutal punishement
  • Late - Modern - subtle through neighbourhood watch
  • Panopticon - 24 hour survelliance ( increases self survelliance in offenders)

Cohen 

  • Penetration - control through media and education
  • Size and Density - More people involved in neighbourhood watch
  • Identity and visability - More people involved in the control of punishment 
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