- Created by: _bella_
- Created on: 18-03-19 09:34
Declining attendance & membership, cultural divers
Due to secularisation church attendance has decreased
There has been an increase of people not believing in religion
There has been a disemchantment of religion
We now turn to reason and logical explanations to understand the world (such as science)
Therefore religion isn't used in the same way as it had been previously.
In an industrial society institutions that would have been multi-functional loses some of their roles to more specialised institutions
Religion lost the role of educating and healthcare
Argued technology has largley replaced religious/ supernatural explanations of why thinsg occur
When bad things happen,we don't turn to religious explanations, we use scientific/ technological reasons for it.
Why have societies in the past/ now got a God fearing attitude?
Marxists- keep workers passive
Feminists- patriarchy and keep women subordinate
Functionalism- it isn't to keep people passive but socialises people and keep value consensus
Cultural diversity and religious diversity
Pre-industrial societies values were shared and so religious rituals regulated behaviour of individuals
Industrialisation undermined the shared religious beliefs that held small communities together.
Urbanisation meant larger communities which meant diverse range of cultures and beliefs
There are now many differents faiths and religious communities
The RCC used to have monopoly over religious truth
After the Reformation society was no longer unified by one church
Key points against secularisation- Cultural defenc
Argues there are 2 arguments that go against secularisation theory-
Cultural defense: where religion provides a protective mechanism against hostility for an ethnicity or group
Cultural Transition: where religion offers support and a sense of community for groups
Religious fundamentalism is growing
Mainly Christian denominations (Evangelists like Methodists or Jehovahs Witnesses)
Main cause is globalisation threatens beliefs and lifestyle, so when peole threatened they develop rigid rules about what people believe and how to behave
If secularisation occured we wouldn't have fundamentalism
Believing without belonging
Doesn't believe that religion is losing its influence people are just practicing in private
Secularisation in the USA
argues that churchgoing is part of the 'American part of life' rather than deeply held beliefs.
- Church attendance: stats aren't acurate, still a norm to go to church, but if asked in a survey people say they do attend
- Secularisation from within: religion has become more like 'therapy'
- Religious diversity: denominations don't claim the truth.