Applied Behaviour Analysis


Applied Behaviour Analysis

The use of intervention and techniques to bring about meaningful and positive change in behaviour.

3 steps:

1. specify behaviour to be changed and note current level

2. plan a specific intervention using antecedents and consequences or both

3. keep track of progress, reflect and modify plan

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Methods to encourage behaviour change

Premack principle:

Preferred behaviour can be used to reinforce an unpreferred behaviour (e.g - watch tv once you have cleaned your room)


Reinforce progress rather than wait for perfection. It is useful for building complex skills and working towards a goal

Positive practice:

Practise correct behaviour as much as possible (e.g - observing a peer)

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Management managerial strategies

Token programmes:

Earn tokens (stars, points) for good work or good behaviour

Self management:

Students apply own behaviour analysis to manage own behaviour (e.g - goal setting, track progress)

Contingency contracts (report card):

Individual contract that describes exactly what the student must do to earn a particular reward/privilege

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