Aplication of ethical theories to Genetic engineering

  • Created by: mermaids_
  • Created on: 06-05-14 20:31

Christian ethics

  • The sanctity of life- human life, including embryonic life has intrinsic value so should be protected.
  • For christians following a Natural Law appoach to ethics, the modification of plants and using animals is considered to present no ethical problems.
  • Using our God-given intellegence is good, but not at the expense of human life.
  • Situation ethics would aplly agape but its difficult to apply this yo creating embryos from stem cell research.
  • GE could be good stewardship and being co-creators with God.
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Natural law

  • The primary precept of preservation of life means using and destroying embryos for research is wrong.
  • The use of adult stem cells could be justified as it preseves life by curing disease.
  • Each human has value-the regardlkess of any genetic imperfection.
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  • Prevention and curing of disease is fulfilling the greatest good for the greatest number.
  • The life of an embryo has no intrinsic value .
  • The pleasures brought about by possible cures far outweigh the cost to the embyos.
  • The consequences are as yet uncertain as GE is still in its infancy, so the likelihood of success and the cost also needs to be considered.
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Kantain ethics

  • Humans as ends in themselves-is embryo a human.
  • Could involve the explotation of people- farmers for GM crops, saviour siblings, and designer babies  and so on.
  • Universalisation- a rational person would choose to be born without a genetic defect and this can be universalised.
  • Autonomy - human rights need to be respected, consent should be obtained.
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