- No metre - use of tala (rhythmic cycle
- Alap (intro) is unmetred
Shankar - Gat 1 - Jhaptal (10 beats)
- Gat 2 - Teental (16 beats)
Chiranji Lal Tamwar - Bhajan Keherwa (8 beats)
Wertheimer/Gorn - Gat 1 - Rupak (7 beats)
- Gat 2 - Ektal (12 beats).
Rhythm and Tempo
- Simple rhythms in the alap
- More complicated rhythms in gat
- Rhythm patterns called bols
Alap is slow
Gat starts fast and continues to quicken.
Dynamics and Accompaniment/Instrumentation
Alap is quiet, while the rest of the piece will vary
Shankar - Use of sitar (for melody and drone) and tabla (for percussion)
Tanwar - Use of voice, serangi (to double the voice), tabla pakawaj (for cymbols and percussion) and the sarod
Gorm and Wert - Use of bansuri (for melody), esraj/tambura (as a drone) and tabla (for percussion).
Texture, Harmony and Tonality
Mainly homophonic (drone as accompaniment) with bits of polyphony.
Harmony and Tonality
- Uses drones instead of chords
- Uses (based around) a rag, which is like a scale or melody (where rag desh from)
- Played at night, during the monsoon or rainy season.
Melody and Form/Structure
- Alap is improved and explores the pitches in the rag
- Gat featueres a fixed composition, but is also mainly improvised
- Gat also features rapid melodic sections, which are virtuosic displays
Shankar and Gorm/Wert: starts with alap - gat 1 - gat 2
Charanji: alap- bhajan (a hindu devotional song)