-Stress can be either positive (eustress) or negative (anxiety).
-Stressors is the term given to anything that causes stress to be experienced.
-Stressors can be very specific or general. The level of their effect depends on a person's perceptions of them in relation to their own percieved capabilities.
-Examples of sporting stressors include competition, frustration, conflict and environmental factors.
-The General Adaption Syndrome explains how the body responses to stress.
-The GAS occurs in three stages; alarm, resistance and exhaustion.
-Anxiety is a negative emotional state associated with feelings of apprehension and worry caused by over arousal as a result of being stressed.
-Trait anxiety is a predisposition to percieve situations as potentially more threatening than they are.
-State anxiety is the changing emotional state a person experiences in specific situations.
-A person with high levels of A-trait anxiety is likely to respond with potentially higher levels of A state anxiety.
-State anxiety responses can be somatic or cognitive.
-Performers who display high competitive A trait have been found to percieve competitive situations as highly threatening and to respond disproportionately with higher levels of state anxiety.
-Stress can be measured by observation, self-report questionnaires and biofeedback.
-Stress management techniques help to reduce anxiety.
-A key issue to reduce stress is personal control.
-Cognitive stress management techniques include imagery, attentional control, cue-utilisation, thought stopping and postivie feedback.
-Somatic techniques include various types of relaxation such as progressive relaxation, breathing control.
-Goal setting should follow the SMARTER principe