Anticipation - Motor Control

Anticipation

The preparation before a stimulus is presented, in which you work out how to respond

1. Temporal - predicting when a stimulus will be presented

2. Spatial - predicting what stimulus will be presented

1 of 4

Factors affecting anticipation

Foreperiod - the time before the presentation of a stimulus

The regularity and duration can both affect the response

If they are always the same duration (regular) it makes it easier to prepare for a response

The speed of the stimulus also affects response - if really short, there is less time to prepare respnse

2 of 4

Posner (1978)

One must weigh the cost/benefits before anticipating

Anticipating correctly relies on experience ti recognise stimuli/cues that allow performer to process before the event occurs

Anticipating correctly - results in a reduced RT because response selection has already occured

Anticipating incorrectly - results in an increased RT, because response is stopped and a new programme is initiated, this could cause gross errors

3 of 4

Examples of anticipation in sporting context

Before the gun fires in a sprint

Recieving a ball to strike

Saving a goal

Opposition attacking, and being able to follow

In a 400m relay, waiting for the baton

4 of 4

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Sports Science resources:

See all Sports Science resources »See all Motor Control resources »