Context within work
- Movement 2 from Bach's St. Matthew's Passion
- Follows opening chorus which finishes with a Tierce de Picardie and a chord of E major.
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- The start of the story.
- Evangelist: narrator/story teller.
- Begins in G major. The top note of the first chord in the continuo is the same as the previous movement.
- Starts at recitative secco: an unaccompanied line. This puts the focus on the vocal line.
- The melody line is diatonic, triadic, matter of fact and reflect speech rhythms. Rests are used to deliniate the short phrases.
- When Jesus' voice comes in, it becomes recitative accompagnato as strings enter for the words of Christ.
- At this point, there is a chromatic move to D major. There is a faster rate of harmonic change to represent Christ's importance.
- There is a melisma on crucified, highlighting its importance. Otherwise, its syllabic.
- The piece is B minor at the end. Chromaticism is used. The change of key reflects the word: 'crucified'.
- There is a perfect cadence at the end in B minor.
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