'And the Glory of the Lord' - All you need to know

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  • Created by: esumner
  • Created on: 29-03-15 16:31

Background:

- Written in 1741

- Baroque Period (1600 - 1750)

- Features of Baroque Period - terraced dynamics, ornamented melodies, mainly contrapuntal, basso continuo, orchestra mainly made of strings, tonal, modulations, binary, ternary, and rondo forms, simple harmonies, melodies of short motifs

- It is an oratorio

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Forces and Instrumentation:

- SATB choir

- Alto part sung by males (countertenors) in this recording

- Instruments: Violin, Viola, Harpsichord, Organ, Cello

- String and continuo accompaniement

- Orchestra doubles vocal lines

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Structure:

- Orchestral intro: Ritornello

- Ritornello returns in a shortened version in 2 other places later on

- No set form - based on 4 repeating motifs

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Melody and Word Setting:

- 4 Motifs:

1. 'And the Glory of the Lord' - outlines key of A major when first heard, syllabic, contains dotted rhythms

2. 'Shall be revealed' - descending sequence, contains a melisma

3. 'And all flesh shall see it together' - short descending sequence repeated twice

4. 'For the mouth of the Lord hath spoken it' - mostly on the same note, longer notes, syllabic

- Different phrases are repeated, making text clear

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Rhythm, Metre, and Tempo:

- Dance-like metre of 3/4

- Allegro throughout

- General pause at the end, then 3 bars adagio for drawn out ending

- Hemiolas used

- Motifs have lilting rhythms, contain dotted rhythms

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Harmony and Tonality:

- A major

- Modulates to 2 related keys: E major and B major

- Ends with a plagal cadence (4-1)

- Diatonic harmony

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Texture:

- Orchestra doubles vocal lines

- Alternates between homophonic and contrapuntal

- Imitation used

- Number of parts varies

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Dynamics and Expression:

- Were not originally marked

- Terraced dynamics - instruments then did not have a large dynamic range

- Only ones used are f and p

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