- Doesn't need oxygen.
- Two types of anaerobic respiration, but lactate fermentation is the only one needed for exam.
- Lacatate fermentation occurs in animals and produces lactate.
- Glucose is converted to pyruvate via glycolysis.
- Reduced NAD (from glycolysis) transfers hydrogen to form lactate and NAD.
- NAD can be reused in glycolysis.
- The production of lactate regenerates NAD.
- Meaning glycolysis can take place even when little oxygen is present, so a small amount of ATP can be produced to keep some biological processes going.
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Lactic acid needs to be broken down:
- Animals can break down in two ways:
- 1)Cells can convert the lactic acid back to pyruvate.
- 2)Liver can convert the lactic acid back to glucose.
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