American West - HOMESTEADERS

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  • Created by: KittyKat
  • Created on: 01-06-13 09:11

REASONS FOR MOVING TO THE WEST

PUSH FACTORS:

  • Poverty - caused by the Economic Depression of 1837
  • Regious or social persecution - i.e. the Mormons
  • Eastern overpopulation - due to the increasing migration of Europeans

PULL FACTORS:

  • A new start - for freed slaves & Ex-soldiers of the Civil war (1861-1865)
  • Free land - Homestead Act of 1862 gave 160 acres of land if it's occupied for 5 years
  • Exaggerated claims (by politicians and railway companies) about the  good life on the Plains

ENABLING FACTORS: 

  • Railways - enabled a speedy and safe journey & linked producers to wider markets
  • Reservations - minimised Indian attacks
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SOLUTIONS & PROBLEMS

PROBLEMS:

  • Lack of wood for housing, fuel, fencing 
  • Lack of water
  • Land - too hard for light ploughs
  • Crops failed
  • Isolation - due to the vast spaces in between houses
  • No shops to buy household items

SOLUTIONS:

  • Housing - used dried earth to make sod houses
  • Fuel - dried buffalo dung & cow-pats collected by women
  • Fencing - barbed wire - Joseph Glidden, 1874 (important in keeping cattle off the crops)
  • Wind pumps & dry-farming (retained the moisture after snow/ rain)
  • 'Sodbuster' plough - John Deere
  • New Crops were tried - Turkey Red Wheat from Russia
  • Women formed church groups and helped each other in childbirth
  • Women made soaps, candles, clothing ...etc...
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Comments

Miss E

This is an excellent example of 'second stage' revision, you have revised something in depth and now are summarising it using colour and bullet points. Use these to test yourself and create your own set on a different topic.

GCSE 8

this is really good

branden jones

I've got an exam tomorrow, I am in year 10 and currently taking my GCSE's and i hope that this will help me to get a good grade :)

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