American West

Edexcel GCSE History

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: bex
  • Created on: 22-01-12 15:27

Buffalo importance to the Indian life

  • importance for Braves (dog soldiers)
  • Religious links with the sun dance
  • Intrinsic to everyday life (nomadic, following the buffalo around)
  • Food
  • Gave them materials for Tipis, weapons clothes and everyday equipment
  • Importance of the Hunt
  • Abandoned farming methods
1 of 10

Key people/dates for the settlers

  • 1837 economic rescession in America
  • Jim Bridger, Trailblazer who brought back stories and mapped out trails (oregon trail)
  • Charles Fremot
  • Manifest Destiny
  • 1843 Great Migration of 1,000 people
2 of 10

What dangers did migrants face heading west/

  • stampedes from buffalo
  • disease e.g. cholera
  • extremes of weather, from heat on the plains to snow on the mountains
  • crossing rivers
  • lack of food/water
  • attacks from indians
  • terrain
3 of 10

What problem did the 49ers face?

  • 1848 gold discovered by James Marshall
  • majority didn't find wealth
  • law and order, towns became violent
  • vigilantes taking law into own hands
  • poor housing
  • boredom/loneliness/disease
  • gambling/drink problems
  • racism due to Mexican/Chinese immigrants
  • Wars with Indians when Gold was discovered in Black hills of Dakots
4 of 10

Why were the Mormons so hated?

  • distrust of new religion
  • belief of polygamy
  • banks collapsed in Kirkland
  • started outnumbering towns
  • wealth
  • superior attitude
  • Joseph Smith, destroyed a newspaper, wanted to create an independent state
5 of 10

5 key points of homesteaders

  • 1862 homestead act- gave 160 acres of land free if homesteaders stayed for at least five years
  • Joeseph Glidden invented barbed wire 1874
  • Daniel Halliday invented windmill 1874
  • the railway sold cheap land either side of the lines, so easier to transport
  • Johnston County War 1892, conflict between Homesteaders and Cattlemen
6 of 10

Why Cattle Ranching developed

  • a growing market
  • long drives and cow towns
  • cowboys
  • range rights
  • skilful cattle breeding
  • defeating rustlers
  • Charles Goodnight
  • Joseph McCoy
7 of 10

Previous methods of transport

  • The wagon (slow and dangerous)
  • The steamboat (too slow and hampered by water routes)
  • The stage coach (quicker, but need roads, relay stations, fresh horse and didn't carry information/supplies needed)
  • Pony express (individual riders, dangerous and expensive)
  • The telegraph (rapid exchange of messages, but not goods or people)
8 of 10

Treaties

  • Fort Laramie Treaty 1851
  • Fort Wise Treaty 1861
  • Medicine Creek Treaty 1867
  • Fort Laramie Treaty (redefined) 1868
9 of 10

Plains Wars

  • 1862 Little Crows War
  • 1863 Cheyenne Uprising
  • 1867 Red Clouds War
  • 1868 The winter campaign
  • 1890 Battle of Wounded Knee
10 of 10

Comments

Zahra

these are great!

Zahra

these are great!

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all The American West 1840-1895 resources »