- Policy adopted by the government in the late 1800s.
- It allowed for giant corporations like Rockefeller and Carnegie to make big profits.
- Capitalists became powerful being unfeterred by restrictive legislation.
- Manufacturers could and did cut wages, lay off workers and change working hours without consulting workers.
- This was the period when unions were the weakest.
Clayton Antitrust Act
- Passed by Wilson in 1914.
- It would limit the use of court injunctions by employers against striking workers.
- Although, workers couldn't damage property but allowed peaceful protest/picketing.
- A period (1920s) when employers improved working conditions, working hours and gave many benefits.
- Involved Yellow Dog Contracts- workers signed up for not joining unions- employers took advantage of workers.
- Included setting up company unions.
- Term used to describe a factory or workplace that is dominated by one trade union.
- All workers had to be part of the one union.
- Many companies operated this policy to keep tails on strikers.
New Deal Acts
- National Industrial Relations Act- set up a board to foster cooperation between employers and employees discussing different issues like wage rates, rights and working hours etc... (1933)
- Wagner Act (1935): more successful than the above act- it aimed to regulate and reduce labour disputes by providing structure for collective bargaining. So strikes would be avoided and less disruption in production.
New Frontier and Great Society
- Advocated by Kennedy.
- Aimed to boost the economy.
- The Equal Pay Act in 1963 made wage discrimination illegal on the basis of gender and racial origin.
-LBJ's idea implemented the following acts:
- Civil Rights Act 1964- prohibited discrimination on the grounds of race, gender, religion etc..
- Economic Opportunity Act 1964- established Office of E.O. to fund and co-ordinate job corps to attract and train young people in vocational skills or provide education preparing for further edu, increase employability.
- Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1968- covered promotions, wage levels and lay offs.
Johnson's acts were more effective in the movement for worker rights.
Occupational Safety and Health Act
- Introduced in 1970 by Nixon.
- Aimed to ensure employers provided employees with a hazard-free environment.
- Possibly the first act that ensure the health and safety by legislation.