- The head melody is quite simple, characterizing by using a rising 6th. This head tune is followed by 4 solos.
- Trumpet- Lasts for 4 choruses, made up of short syncopated motifs.
- Alto Sax - Lasts for 4 choruses, uses quicker notes and a wider range.
- Tenor sax- Lasts for 4 choruses. Uses quick scales and fast runs.
- Piano - Lasts 2 choruses and has a much calmer improvisation.
1 of 6
Harmony and Tonality
- Is in the key G major but has a flattened 7th (blue note)
- It is in mixolydian mode which is an example of modal jazz.
- The chord sequence is known as changes.
2 of 6
- The front line is made up of trumpet, alto and tenor sax.
- In the rhythm section there is drums, bass and piano.
3 of 6
- All blues is based on a 12 bar blues progression.
- It uses a ‘head arrangement’ which is a structure often found in jazz, it is a chord progression memorised by the players.
- Each of the soloists improvise in the choruses.
- The piece opens with an intro and ends with a coda.
4 of 6
- The texture is simple.
- The wind instruments play in 3rds and 4ths.
- The double bass plays simple riffs.
5 of 6
Rhythm, Metre and Tempo
- Noted in 6/4, as it is a jazz waltz it can also be in 3/4.
- It is performed with swinging quavers.
- There is a frequent use of syncopation.
6 of 6