Emancipation of the Serfs: Positives and negatives
- Serfs could continue to work in agriculture - for most their only known field.
- In theory, were given a democratic voice in elections.
- State peasants recieved better treatment.
- Are officialy legally free.
- On average peasant families now farmed 20% less land than before.
- Peasants had to pay back state redemption taxes for 49 years, 6% interest rate - only when this money is paid back is the land officially theres - many had to pass the tax down to their offspring.
- Serfs now realised that they had owned their own land.
- Labour services limited to 40 days continued for 2 years.
- Separation of a peasant and his land could only be granted by the mir, until the redemption tax is paid.
- State serfs had to wait until 1866 for freedom.
- Household Serfs recieved no land.
- Confusion - many of the Serfs were uneducated and didn't understand the terms of the emancipation.
- 647 riots - 449/647 troops got involved.
- Land shortages
- Land was valued at a higher rate than it was worth.
- Were compensated by the state - on a very high valuation of the land.
- Retained 2/3 of their land - the best parts.
- Estates unprofitable and slavery sold off the land.
- Financially lead to social ruin.
- Did not like the idea of the social gap closing.
- In 1905 the gentry owned 40% less land - mainly because it was unprofitable and sold.
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