Advantages of Scientific Method

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Advantages of Scientific Method: Mark Scheme

·        The nature of science in general

·        Historical trends in psychological enquiry

·        Variety of quantitative and qualitative methods

·        Examples of established research 

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Empirical

·         Real truth understood

·         Reliability, objectivity and predictability 

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Objective

·         Data is not affected by the researcher

·         Systematic collection

·         Creates valid data

·         E.g. Gardener and Gardener, 3 observations 

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Falsifiable

·         Aim is to test hypotheses by falsifying them

·         It is not possible to prove anything right

·         E.g. Freud homosexuality 

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Replication

·         Standardised measure

·         This demonstrates validity of any observation

·         Affirms truth 

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Control

·         Lab experiments give ultimate control

·         Permits replication

·         IV causes a direct measurable effect

·         Cause and effect

Milgram, Loftus and Palmer

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Change in Base

·         Shift in beliefs to facts

·         Data is falsifiable

·         Freud to lab studies

·         Homosexuality example

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