Acts introduced in America 1763-65

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The Royal Proclamation

  • Introduced in October 1763
  • Aims:
    • To provide clarity concerning the lands that were gained in the Treaty of Paris from France and Spain
    • To establish good relations with the French settlers that remained and with the Native Tribes that we're previously allies with France
    • To defend Native Americans and their land from the greedy colonists
  • Terms:
    • New colonies were created in Quebec, East Florida, and West Florida.
    • A boundary line was drawn along the watershed of the Appalchians and an Indian reserve was made on the left side of the line - Natives were not to be disturbed by the colonists
    • No buying or settling on reserved land
    • Only the Crown could buy land directly from the Indisns, and all other trade with the indians should be free and orderly.
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The Sugar Act

  • Introduced in April 1764
  • Aims:
    • Bring some income to the British government through a well enforced trading system
    • To make sure that American Colonists contributed to their funding
    • Reduce the issue of smuggling
  • Terms:
    • Customs duties were imposed on some goods that were imported from foreign countries into North America ( Cloth, sugar, Indigo, Coffee, wine)
    • The duty on molasses was reduced form what it was set in 1733 from the Mlasses Act. The government hoped this would undercut the smugglers.
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The Currency Act

  • Introduced in April 1764
  • Aims:
    • There wasn't much hard currency in the colonies, and several colonists used paper money to pay British merchants. Many merchants didn't want to be paid in this format (hard coins are more valuable and usable than paper money)
  • Terms:
    • All colonies were banned from issuing paper money
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The Stamp Act

  • Introduced in March 1765
  • Aims:
    • Raise more money alongside the Sugar Act (Stamp Act was already halping raise money in Britain)
  • Terms:
    • ALL printed documents had to be printed on specially smbossed paper that was sold by the British government
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The Quartering Act

  • Introduced in May 1765
  • Aims:
    • Reduce the cost of the British forces in America
  • Terms:
    • Colonial assemblies were required to provide funds to pay for inexpensive goods for the soldiers in their colonies
    • The Act was expanded in 1766 to cover the cost of billeting soldiers in taverns and unoccupied houses
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