ABORTION

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  • Created by: _Holly98
  • Created on: 04-04-16 19:33

ABORTION

JUDITH JARVIS THOMPSON ARGUMENT VIOLINIST SCENARIO SHOW WOMEN NOT MORALLY OBLIGED COMPLETE UNWANTED PREGNANCY

UK LAW: FOETUS CONSIDERED PERSON 24 WEEKS - CHANCE SURVIVE OWN

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THINKER: JANE ENGLISH

CONSERVATIVE POSITION:

  • LIFE BEGINS CONCEPTION
  • ABORTION MURDER
  • BUT: NOT ALL KILLNGS MURDER

LIBERAL POSITION:

  • LIFE BEGINS BIRTH
  • WOMEN MAY DO WHATHEVER SHE PLEASES TO HER BODY
  • BUT: CANT DO WHAT YOU LIKE YOUR BODY AFFECTS ADVERSLEY - FEUTS NOT PERSON - DOESNT MEAN NO MORAL STANDING

ABORTION CONTROVERSIAL NO WAY DEFINE PERSON

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PERSONHOOD INDEFINABLE

ABORTION PERMISSABLE EVEN FETUS PERSON

SCIENTIST SCENARIO - PEOPLE HYPNOTIZED ATTACK PEOPLE - KILL SELF DEFENCE PERMISSIBLE

BABY STARTS 'ATTACK' BODY SYSTEM OKAY TO ABORT 

RULE SELF DEFENCE

  • DEGREE HARM INFLICT PROPORTIONAL 
  • DEPENDS ALTERNATIVES - NOT JUSTIFIED COULD RUN 
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OTHER EXAMPLES

KIDNAPPERS AT NIGHT

STAY HOME OTHERWISE YOUR RESPONSIBLE - ABSTINENCE

MUST TAKE MACE OR RESPONSIBLE - CONTRACEPTION OK BUT NO ABORTION IF FAILS

KILL IF THREATNED BY DEATH - KILL SAVE MOTHER LIFE

KILL ATTACKED ANY REASON - ABORTION JUSTIFABLE DEMANDS

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CATHOLIC CHURCH

FIRST 14 DAYS EMBRYO DIVIDE 2 THEN REUNITE 1 - IS THIS ONE OR TWO PEOPLE?

ERRS SIDE CAUTION ARGUED CONCEPTION EMBRYO PERSON

PERHIBITS ABORTION, EMBRYO RESEARCH, FREEZING EMBRYOS

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JUDITH JARVIS THOMSON - THE VIOLINIST

EXTREME PROCHOICE FEMINIST

VIOLINIST COMPRABLE PREGNANCY FROM RAPE - DIDNT CONSENT

FOETUS LIFE CONCEPTION

  • WOMEN RIGHT DECIDE
  • FOETUS RGHT LIFE
  • RIGHT TO LIFE DOESNNT OUTWEIGH YOUR AUTONOMY
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THE INTRUDER

PERSON ENTERS HOUSE VIA OPEN WINDOW - CLAIM RIGHT STAY MANAGED GET IN - YOU TAKEN REASONABLE PRECAUTIONS

CONCLUDES ABORTION ALLOWED WOMEN TAKE REASONABLE STEPS AVOID PREGNANCY 

OTHERS ARGUE RIGHT TO LIFE MOST FUNDAMENTAL HUMAN RIGHT

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MARY ANN WARREN

WHAT CHARACTERISTICS ENTITLE AN ENTITY TO BE CONSIDERED A PERSON

CONSCIOUSNSES: PARITUCLAR CAPACITY FEEL PAIN

REASONING: DEVELOPED CAPACITY SOLVE NEW COMPLEX PROBLEMS

SELFMOTIVATED ACTIVITY:

COMMUNICATION: CAPACITY COMMUNICATE

PRESENCE SELF CONCEPTS / AWARNESS

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WARREN CLAIMS THAT

ANY BEING DOESNT POSSES MOST NOT HUMAN MORAL SENSE

MORE LIKE PERSON BEING IS STRONGER CASE REGARDING RIGHT TO LIFE

NO STAGE FOETAL DEVELOPMENT FOETUS RESEMBLES PERSON TO HAVE RIGHT

POTENTIAL ISNT A BASIS CLAIM - DOESNT OUTWEIGH RIGHT ABORTION

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WARREN CLAIMS THAT

THE RIGHTS ACTUAL PERSON INVARIABLE OUTWEIGH THOSE POTENTIAL PERSON

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CRITICISMS AND WARRENS RESPONSE

WARRENS CRITERIA JUSTIFY KILLING NEWBORNS, INFANTS, COMA PATIENTS

RESPONSE:

"DELIBERATE KILLING VIABLE NEWBORNS VIRTUALLY NEVER JUSTIFIED"

"SO VERY CLOSE BENG PERSON REQUIRES STRONG MORAL JUSTIFICATION"

"CANT KILL BEINGS SAKE CONVENIANCE / FINANCIAL PROFIT"

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SINGER & GALLAGHER

SINGER

AGREES TOOLEY - HUMAN BEINGS SUBJECT EXPEREIENCES OTHER MENTAL STATES

"BABIES NOT BORN SELF AWARE / CAPABLE GRASPING THEY EXIST. THEY ARE NOT A PERSON"

"THE LIFE NEWBORN LESS VALUE THAN LIFE PIG"

GALLAGHER

EMBRYO ONE TIME X & ONE TIME JAMES - CHANGE GRADUAL - X NOT JAMES

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SANCTITY OF LIFE - MEANING

HUMAN LIFE VALUABLE - ABOVE ALL OTHER FORMS LIFE

INTRINSICALLY VALUABLE REGARDLESS QUALITY OF LIFE

ABSOLOUTE CONCEPT

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IMPLICATIONS

IDEA HUMAN LIFE SACRED SHOULD BE RESPECTED

BELIEF PRESERVATION HUMAN LIFE

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RELIGIOUS GROUNDS

HUMAN MADE IMAGE GOD - GENESIS 1:27

GOD AUTHOR HUMAN LIFE

PART TRADITION THEISM - ESPECIALLY JUDEO-CHRISTIAN - 4TH COMMANDMENT

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PHILOSOPHCAL GROUNDS

J.GLOVER WROTE "CAUSING DEATH & SAVING LIVES"

TWO PLANETS NOTHING ON ONE THE OTHER VEGETABLE

SCENARIO MUST CHOSE ONE

CHOSE PLANET VEG - ANY LIFE VALUABLE

ANY LIFE CHOSEN OVER NON LIFE

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SANCTITY OF LIFE ARGUMENT

REJECT S OF L SLIPPERY SLOPE - LEAD GENOCIDE & ETHNIC CLEANSING - HOLOCAUST

LEAD SITUATION KILLING OKAY LIFE ISNT SEPCIAL

HUMAN LIFE ARGUED SACRED EVOLOUTIONARY GROUNDS - DOMINANT SPECIES - BIOLOGICAL AND SOCIO-CULTURAL REASONS

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IS FOEUTS SACRED?

SCOTT LEE PETERSON CHARGED MURDER WIFE & UNBORN SON

UNDER LAW FOEUTS = PERSON - SACRED

UK LAW PERMITS RESEARCH UP TO 14 DAYS - PROTECTION AFTER 14 DAYS

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S OF L ARGUMENT CONVINCING?

SINGER: CAUSES SPECIEISM

ABANDONING S OF L: WRRANT ENOUGH ERR SIDE CAUTION

GLOVER: ANALOGY PLANETS - NOT CONVINCING - SHOWS LIFE SACRED BUT NOT NECESSARILY HUMAN

KANT: LIFE SACRED ONLY APPROPRIATE PUNISHMENT TAKING AWAY LIFE IS TO LOSE YOURS "AN EYE FOR AN EYE"

ABORTION DELIBERATE INTENTIONAL KILLING CHILD

PRO LIFE: CENTRED S OF L:

PRO CHOICE: WOMENS AUTONOMY

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ABORTION LEGAL

STOP BACK STREET ABORTION

LOT PEOPLE SUPPORTED / CONTINUE SUPPORT LIVING SECULAR SOCIETY

IMPOSES RISK LIFE MOTHER / OR CHILD BORN DISABILITY

GOVERNMENT DOESNT WANT PEPOLE UNWANTED PREGNANCY - POPULATION CONTROL

2005: 171,000 ABORTIONS CARRIED OUT ENGLAND & WALES - 1% MEDICAL REASONS

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NATURAL LAW

PRIMARY PRECEPTS PRESERVE HUMAN LIFE 

ARGUE LIFE BEINGS CONCEPTION ABORTION SAME KILLING

INTRINSICALLY WRONG

DONE RIGHT INTENTIONS (PREVENT BAD UPBRINGING) STILL WRONG

MOTHER DIE RESULT - CANT HAVE ABORTION PROTECTING LIFE AS NATURAL LAW DEONTOLOGICAL

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KANTS CATEGORICAL IMPERATIVE

ABORTION HYPOTHETICAL IMPERATIVE (DOING SOMETHING SAKE SOMETHING ELSE)

NOT LOGICALLY POSSIBLE UNIVERSALISE

TREAT HUMANS END IN THEMSELVES - FETUS CLASSED PERSON MUST RESPECT 

THIRD MAXIM MORALLY WRONG ABORT DUE BABY BAD UPRINGING DUE LIVE IN KINGDOM ENDS

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ACT UTILITARIANSIM

HEDONIC CALCULUS DECIDE GREATEST PLEASURE LEAST PAIN COME FROM ABORTING OR NOT

ABORTION MORALLY WRONG PARENTS WANTED BABY - MADE HAPPY HAVE CHILD

MORALLY RIGHT SUFFERING CAUSED HAVING CHILD EXCEEDS PLEASURE BABY

INDIVIDUAL CIRCUMSTANCES CONSIDERED

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RULE UTILITARIANSIM

OK SITUATIONS WHERE MOTHER / BABY SUFFER

GENERAL RULE PAIN CAUSED ABORTION EXCEEDS RELIEF PARENTS DONT RAISE CHILD - RULE BROKEN IF CHILD DISABLED / MOTHER LIFE AT RISK

ECONOMICALLY BETTER - LESS PEOPLE SUPPORT

LESS STRAIN NHS

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RULE UTILITARIANSIM

OK SITUATIONS WHERE MOTHER / BABY SUFFER

GENERAL RULE PAIN CAUSED ABORTION EXCEEDS RELIEF PARENTS DONT RAISE CHILD - RULE BROKEN IF CHILD DISABLED / MOTHER LIFE AT RISK

ECONOMICALLY BETTER - LESS PEOPLE SUPPORT

LESS STRAIN NHS

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PREFERENCE UTILITARIANISM

DEPENDS WHAT PARENTS WANT

CAPABLE HOLDING PREFERENCES FAVOURED

MOTHERS PREFERENCE MORE IMPORTANT UNBORN CHILD

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DOUBLE DOCTRINE EFFECT

DOUBLE EFFECT = TWO RESULTS

ARGUBLY LOOP NATURAL LAW

PREGNANT AT TIME MORALLY RIGHT HAVE HYSTERECTOMY THOUGH BABY DIE - NOT CLASSED ABORTION

E.G. ECTOPIC PREGNANCY

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SITUATION ETHICS.

EMBRYO NOT PERSON UNTIL FURTHER ON PREGNANCY

CASE RAPE WOULD FAVOUR ABORTION - DUE SAKE VICTIMS RESPECT / REPUTATION / HAPPINESS

NO UNWANTED / UNINTENDED BABY SHOULD BE BORN

RAPE 2 AGGRESSORS BABY & RAPIST MERELEY SELF DEFENSE

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