A2 Health & Social

Meeting individual needs unit 7.

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Paramouncy Principle

The principle of putting the welfare of the child first in all decisions affecting them. 

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The welfare state

  • Established in the 1940's-1970's
  • Five 'giants' need to be  accomplished
  • Want- poverty
  • Disease- ill health
  • Ignorance- Lack of education
  • Squalor- Poor housing
  • Idleness-unemplyment

NHS was introduced

Free Education was introduced

National Insurance introduced

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Informal Care

Informal Care- Care interventions and support provided by a partner, relative or friend of a person in need of care.

  • Example; providing injections or prescribed medicine for a partner or relative
  • Going shopping or providing companionship
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Private Care

Private care- A service available to anyone who can pay for it.

Funded by direct client payment or by the client's insurance

Usually provided by a private practioner or care business

  • Example; BUPA private hospital care for cosmetic surgery
  • Home help service provided by a care service agency
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Voluntary Care

Voluntary Care- A service that is available to people who meet eligibility criteria.

Usually free or low cost to service users typically funded by voluntary donations or government grants.

Usually provided by a not for profit voluntary organisation.

  • Example: Mind support groups for people with mental health problems.
  • Age concerns advice and support services for older people.
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Mixed economy of care is a care system that combines all care sectors.

  • Statutory
  • Private
  • Informal
  • Volutary

Internal Market is care services that can be bought and sold between services so they can get the 'best deal' and provide services they may not have otherwise been able to.

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