6.2.a UK & China

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  • Created by: lee8444
  • Created on: 19-02-20 15:29

UK Historic emissions

  • 19th Century - carbon dioxide emission increased by 16 times due to industrialisation
  • 1916 - coal production peaked at 137 million tonnes
  • 1921 - miners strike caused an abrupt decline of coal production
  • 1926 - general strikes in the UK caused another decline of carbon dioxide emissions
  • 1961 - 120 million tonnes of coal was being produced
  • 1970s - carbon dioxide emissions increased due to the expanding economy and population growth
  • 1971 - the peak of carbon dioxide emissions. It has dropped by 33% since
  • 1980s - Decline due to economic recession and unemployment
  • 2009 - Global financial crisis caused a decrease in global carbon emissions
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UK Energy mix history

Dash for gas

  • Started in the 1960s
  • Gas was found in the North Sea
  • Biggest in the 1990s
  • Estimated 30 years left of gas
  • Recently fracking is increasing but controversially

Nuclear power stations

  • Fewer carbon emissions than other types of energy production
  • Currently in Sizewell, Dungeness

Improvements in energy conservation

  • Green Deal was the government helping families save money for solar panels
  • Committed to 2050 carbon-neutral country
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Current energy mix

UK

  • Gas - 35%
  • Oil - 32%
  • Coal - 19%
  • Nuclear - 7%
  • HEP & Renewables - 6%
  • May 2019 - first coal-free week

China

  • Coal - 65%
  • Oil - 20%
  • Gas - 5%
  • Nuclear - 1%
  • HEP & Renewables - 9%
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China Historic emissions

Carbon dioxide emissions (1,000s tonnes of carbon)

  • 1899 - 26
  • 1950 - 21,465
  • 1970 - 210,422
  • 1990 - 671,051
  • 2000 - 928,601
  • 2010 - 2,459,645
  • 2013 - 2,490,000
  • 1978 - No strict policies, embraced free-market, stimulated trade growth and manufacturing
  • 12% of worlds exports, only 1% in 1970
  • Industrialisation and rural-urban migration
  • 1980 - GDP = $299
  • 2012 - GDP = $12,763
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UK & China comparison

  • The UK had coal expansion throughout the early 20th Century due to industrialisation
  • The UK's coal production peaked in 1916 at 137 million tonnes
  • The 1970s
    • UK - carbon dioxide increased due to the expanding economy with this becoming the peak in carbon dioxide emissions
    • China - Free market, trade growth, more exports, industrialisation
  • The 1980s
    • UK's carbon emissions declined due to recession and unemployment
    • China's GDP boomed due to high exports and manufacturing with a rising GDP
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