5 - Organic Chemistry

5 - Organic Chemistry

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  • Created by: Joe Rudd
  • Created on: 19-05-10 16:46

Naming Organic Compounds

Roots

  • 1 Carbon - meth 2 Carbons - eth 3 Carbons - prop
  • 4 Carbons - but 5 Carbons - pent 6 Carbons - hex

Functional Groups

  • Haloalkanes - Chloro, Bromo etc.. as a prefix
  • Alcohols (OH) - ol
  • Aldehydes (CHO) - al
  • Ketones (COR) - one
  • Carboxylic acids (COOH) - oic acid
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Isomerism

Structural Isomerism

  • Same molecular formula but different structural formula

Positional Isomerism

  • The functional group is attached to the chain at a different point

Functional Group Isomerism

  • Same molecular formula, but there are different functional groups
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