5.3.b Afghanistan

  • Created by: lee8444
  • Created on: 16-02-20 10:10

Human rights issues in Afghanistan

  • Landlocked
  • 2013 - HDI - 0.468, 169th out of 186 countries
  • The infant mortality rate was 117 per 1000 births
  • 5.8% of women over 25 have had formal education
  • 65% of the population lives off less than $2 per day
  • Most work in agriculture
  • Before 2001, the Taliban were in control of 90% of the country. Overthrown by the USA and allies however there has been a resurgence in the south
  • By 2014, NATO had completed their mission however 10,000 advisory staff stayed
  • Taliban say they will continue to violate human rights until all Americans leave
    • Increased civilian casualties
    • Domestic violence and inequality towards women
    • Disruption of 2014 election
    • Attacks on journalists for freedom of expression
    • Kidnappings and torture
    • Food security, partly due to the change to the production of drugs
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The UN in Afghanistan

  • UNAMA - UN assistance mission in Afghanistan was established in 2002
  • Hired a UN High Commissioner for Human Rights
  • Want to work alongside the Afghan government and NGOs
  • Aims
    • Promote respect for international humanitarian and human rights laws
    • Coordinate the efforts of all organisations and communities to ensure protection
    • Promote accountability
    • Implement more freedoms and human rights provisions in the Afghan constitution and the treaties
    • Achieve full enjoyment of their rights for women, displaced people and returning refugees (there are an estimated 750,000 displaced)
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Afghan Government

  • Joined the Economic Cooperation Organisation
  • Joined the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation
  • Aiming to promote economic growth
  • They have passed laws to promote fairness during elections
  • 2009 - They have passed laws to prevent violence against women
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NGO - Afghan Aid

  • Aim to provide sustainable rural development
  • They aim to work alongside the UN and the government
  • Provide goats to those living in rural Afghanistan
  • They are teaching families more effective farming techniques so that they can provide for themselves
  • They are promoting women being able to work alongside the men on the farms
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Consequences of global governance in Ghor


  • Local programmes such as Afghan Aid are far more effective than the top-down approach alone as local residents are elected to form their own plans and priorities
  • 2014 - 6 million children are in school compared to just 1 million in 2001 and 40% of the 6 million are girls which would've never happened under Taliban control
  • Accessed to healthcare has increased to over 50% of the population compared to 9% in 2003
  • The maternal mortality rate has halved since 2001
  • Life expectancy has increased from 55 to 61 from 2000 to 2013


  • Very inhospitable due to geographical and political reasons
  • Poverty has led to people being forced to sell their livestock
  • Basic rights are constantly neglected due to conflict
  • Serious gender inequality - selling of daughters
  • Limited access to services
  • Rights are being met due to Afghan Aid who promote the locals to come up with their own plans with better agricultural techniques and including women more in society
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