44 Juvenile Thieves Study - Bowlby (1944)

Brief APFCE of Bowlby's study of the 44 Juvenile Thieves

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Aim

 To determine if there's a correlation between maternal deprivation in infancy and adolescent delinquancy.

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Procedure

Bowlby studied a group of 44 juvenile thieves who atended a child guidance clinic, and compared them with a conrol group of 44 adolescents who "although emotionally disturbed, did not steal".

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Findings

14 of the 44 thieves were classified as "affectionless" as they showed no shame in their actions, compared with none in the control group. 17 of the thieves had been seperated from their mother for 6+ months before 5, compared with 2 in control group.

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Conclusion

There is a correlation between maternal deprivation in infancy and criminal behaviour in adolescence.

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Evaluation

Indicates a link between maternal deprivation and adolescent delinquancy, so this suggests a field of extra study

No considerations of other explanations of the criminal behaviour

Unreliable, as it relies on recollection

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