Using tools and equipment safety
for cutting paper, thin card, thin plastic sheet - ensure that scissors are sharp and strong enough to cut through the material. Keep fingers away from blades.
- Scalpel/Craft knife-
for cutting/scoring paper, card, thin plastic sheet, thin board - use a safety rule with a raised edge. Keep blade against the edge of ruler and cut away from yourself.
- Cutting mats-
suitable cutting surface for using scalpels - make sure it is on a flat surface.
- Rotary cutter-
a guillitine, for cutting card, paper, etc - use a safety ruler.
- Compass cutter-
for cutting circles - ensure that you use it on a cutting mat, on a flat surface.
- Safety rule-
to help make straight line cuts with a craft knife - hold firmly, etc.
- Reciprocating saw or fretsaw, 'Hegnar saw'-
for cutting plastic, wood, board - eye protection.
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Risk Assessment and Safety & the Law
- Risk- reducing the risk:
- Bags or equipment on the floor- make sure they are out of the way and that all areas are clear of obstructions.
- Using a craft knife- a sharp blade and with the correct safety ruler.
- Eye strain from using a computer- have a break from the computer every 20 minutes.
- Dust from a sanding machine- make sure that dust extraction and the dust guard are correct.
- Loose clothing while using a machine- use protective clothing with sleeves rolled up.
Safety and the Law
- Health and Saftey Executive- the government body responsible for ensuring that work places comply with health and safety at work laws.
- Warning sign- often a triangle which is bright yellow and has black lettering.
- 'Do not' sign- red circles with diagonal lines between them.
- 'Must do' sign- blue circles.
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- Material - joins? - looks like - advantages - disadvantages
- Glue stick- card, wood - solid white stick - cheap, easy to use, safe - weak
- Polyvinyl acetate (PVA) - card, wood - white liquid - strong, safe, sets within 2 hours, colourless when dry - can 'ripple' thin card if too much is applied.
- Spray adhesive - paper, card - clear spray - quick, can be refixed easily - weak, expensive, a mask is needed.
- Balsa cement- balsa wood - clear, smelly- quick-setting - needs to be in a well-ventilated area.
- Acrylic cement- acrylic - water - very quick - leaves marks.
- Epoxy resin- everything - gloopy light brown - very strong, takes 2 hrs to set - difficult to apply.
- Hot glue gun - most materials - thick, clear, stringy - quick to set - hands are easily burnt.
- Double-sided tape - paper, card, foamboard - clear or white - immediate strong join - can't reposition work.
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