17. Health and Safety

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Using tools and equipment safety

  • Scissors-
    for cutting paper, thin card, thin plastic sheet - ensure that scissors are sharp and strong enough to cut through the material. Keep fingers away from blades.
  • Scalpel/Craft knife-
    for cutting/scoring paper, card, thin plastic sheet, thin board - use a safety rule with a raised edge. Keep blade against the edge of ruler and cut away from yourself.
  • Cutting mats-
    suitable cutting surface for using scalpels - make sure it is on a flat surface.
  • Rotary cutter-
    a guillitine, for cutting card, paper, etc -  use a safety ruler.
  • Compass cutter-
    for cutting circles - ensure that you use it on a cutting mat, on a flat surface.
  • Safety rule-
    to help make straight line cuts with a craft knife - hold firmly, etc.
  • Reciprocating saw or fretsaw, 'Hegnar saw'-
    for cutting plastic, wood, board - eye protection.
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Risk Assessment and Safety & the Law

Risk Assessment

  • Risk- reducing the risk:
  • Bags or equipment on the floor- make sure they are out of the way and that all areas are clear of obstructions.
  • Using a craft knife- a sharp blade and with the correct safety ruler.
  • Eye strain from using a computer- have a break from the computer every 20 minutes.
  • Dust from a sanding machine- make sure that dust extraction and the dust guard are correct.
  • Loose clothing while using a machine- use protective clothing with sleeves rolled up.

Safety and the Law

  • Health and Saftey Executive- the government body responsible for ensuring that work places comply with health and safety at work laws.
  • Warning sign- often a triangle which is bright yellow and has black lettering.
  • 'Do not' sign- red circles with diagonal lines between them.
  • 'Must do' sign- blue circles.
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Joining materials

  • Material - joins? - looks like - advantages - disadvantages
  • Glue stick- card, wood - solid white stick - cheap, easy to use, safe - weak
  • Polyvinyl acetate (PVA) - card, wood - white liquid - strong, safe, sets within 2 hours, colourless when dry - can 'ripple' thin card if too much is applied.
  • Spray adhesive - paper, card - clear spray - quick, can be refixed easily - weak, expensive, a mask is needed.
  • Balsa cement- balsa wood -  clear, smelly- quick-setting - needs to be in a well-ventilated area.
  • Acrylic cement- acrylic - watervery quick - leaves marks.
  • Epoxy resin- everything - gloopy light brownvery strong, takes 2 hrs to set - difficult to apply.
  • Hot glue gun - most materials - thick, clear, stringyquick to set - hands are easily burnt.
  • Double-sided tape - paper, card, foamboard - clear or white - immediate strong join - can't reposition work.
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