Total population was around 11 million
Around 80% of people lived in the countryside
Many babies died before their first birthday
The annual death rate was 28 people per 1000
Most important industry was farming - food and cotton in particular
Industries were small scale, done in peoples houses or attachments to houses.
There was very little powers, things that were used such as water wheels, horses or human hands.
1750 overview continued
Health and Medicine
People did not know germs caused disease
People could do little to fight diseases such as smallpox and diphtheria
Many people died from diseases
Getting around the country was slow
People and goods travelled by water when possible
Roads were very poor and lots of people tried to improve them
The journey from London to Edingburgh by boat took a week, and by road it took 12 days.
Most children in England did not go to school and few could read or write.
In Scotland all parishes have schools and most people could read and write.
There were 2 universities in England, 4 in Scotland and 1 in Ireland
Newspapers, novels and plays were becoming popular
King George (2nd) had fewer powers than kings in the 17th century
Parliament made laws for England, Scotland and Wales, but not Ireland
Only 5% of the population could vote. Not women.
Total population was around 21 million
About 60% of people lived and worked in the countryside
Many babies still died in their first year of life, but families were very large
The annual death rate was 22 deaths in every 1000 people
Many people still worked in shops, but some were based in factories
The cotton industry was a lot bigger now, more than the wool industry
Since 1750 the coal production trippled and iron production increaded by 10 times.
Common grazing lands had been turned into sucessful land to grow crops
Health and Medicine
A vaccine was developed for smallpox but there were no other drugs
There was now 20,000 miles of well surfaced roads
Many canals had been b uilt
In mining areas horse-drawn trams and wagons that ran on rails were used.
The journey from London to Edinburgh took three to five days by boat of 46 hours by road.
Most middle-class and upper-class boys (but not many girls) went to school
Elementary schools in England provided education for children of the poor if they wanted to attend, but they often did not go.
No new universities were set up
There was a new interest in religion
5% of people could vote in elections
Most Britain's new growing cities were not allowed to elect their own MP's
Total population was around 40 million
In England 75% of people live in towns. Huge urban areas had developed
The annual death rate was around 18 people per 1000 people
Many farmers use machines although were mostly horse powered
Industry was dominated by coal, iron, steel and textiles
Steam power had been introduced, even in small factories and workshops
Health and medicine
Louis Pasteur had discovered germs kill disease, and created vaccinations
Antiseptic was developed
Local councils began to improve water supplies and sewer improvements
Railways served all parts of Britain. They helped to make Britain more united
Many canal companies and turnpike trusts had been driven were a faster method of transport.
The journey from London to Edinburgh took 30 hours by boat and at least 46 hours by road and 9 hours by train.
School was compulsory for all five to twelve year old girls and boys
Many more people could read and write
There were ten universities in England, five in Scotland, one in Ireland and one in Wales
Newspaper and books publishing were expanding
Most men could now vote, but women could not vote
The government in London and local authorities now played a large part in everyone's life. They had improved living and working conditions