1.1.2 Influences on your healthy, active lifestyle

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Infuences-people: FAMILY

  • Who? -parents, guardians, relations; brothers and sisters
  • How? -growing up with family members who take part in physical activities means you are aware of these activities from an early age
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Influences-people: PEERS

  • Who? - friends, classmates, club members
  • How? - seeing your friends enjoy taking part in activities may encourage you to do that activity too
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Influences-people: ROLE MODELS

  • Who? - national and international performers, good school performers, people you admire
  • How? - we all want to be able to perform like someone who is really good at our sport
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Influences-image: FASHION

  • more likely to get involved in a sport in which you like the clothes they wear
  • some activities have more fashionable clothing than others
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Influences-image: MEDIA

  • we are affected by mediums including:
  • what we see on TV
  • what we read in the newspapers
  • what we hear on the radio
  • effects of these may be positive or negative depending on the amount of coverage a sport has.
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Influences-CULTURAL

AGE

  • your age can influence the activities you do
  • e.g. 70-year-old man may not play rugby but may play bowls with his friends

DISABILITY

  • many adapted activities for disabled people; many are not able to compete with abled people
  • e.g. wheelchair tennis and basketball

GENDER

  • some sports are generally associated with men or women
  • e.g. many men dont want to play netball; women would not play rugby or boxing
  • other influences can be responsible for these opinions (fashion, media)

RACE

  • some sports are associated more with one race than another (due to stereotyping or influences from other people)
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Influences-RESOURCES

AVAILABILITY (is there a club available?)

  • not all activities are readily available (premises or a suitable level of training)

ACCESS (will i be able to get in?)

  • may be barriers such as: age, wheelchair ramps, costs, which disable you from being able to access the venue

LOCATION (can I get there?)

  • activity need to be in a place you can access easily: not too far away, transport links

TIME (is the time right for me?)

  • the sessions have to fit into your timetable
  • time of session needs to be suitable for you...when you have no other equipment
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Influences-HEALTH AND WELLBEING; SOCIO-ECONOMIC

HEALTH AND WELLBEING

  • someone in good health may be well-motivated to take part in an activity
  • sometimes even a cold can prevent us form doing things
  • long-term illnesses and health problems can make continuing any form of activity really difficult

SOCIO-ECONOMIC

  • some activities are relatively inexpensive and are accessible to many people
  • high cost of clothing, memberships and equipment can make it difficult
  • perceived status can affect people's decisions on whether or not to take part
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Roles and Required Qualities

LEADER

  • organisational skills, communication skills; knowledge of the activity

OFFICIAL

  • fitness, communcation skills, confidence; knowledge of the activity

PERFORMER

  • fitness, ability, motivation

CHANGING ROLES

  • people change their roles in an activity due to lack-of-ability; injury

VOLUNTEER

  • people who give up their time to a sport without being paid
  • without volunteers many clubs and events would NOT exist
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Sports Participation

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Initiatives

1. Increase participation (get them involved)

  • to increase people's health and fitness...leading to healhtier nation, more elite performers

2. Retain people (keep them involved)

  • maintain fitness, take on new roles, succeed...by creating network of clubs, good facilities, opportunity for competition

3. Create opportunities (for talented performers to achieve success)

  • progression needs to be possible (foundation-elite), agencies get involved in providing facilities, coaching and education
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Agencies

SPORT ENGLAND

  • work to create a community sport system

YOUTH SPORT TRUST

  • create a PE system that engages all young people

PE SCHOOL SPORT AND CLUB LINKS

  • encourage people of all abilities to get involved in sport

ACTIVE KIDS PROGRAMME

  • vouchers used by schools to buy sporting equipment

GOVERNMENT INITIATIVES

  • ensure all pupils receive their entitlement to t2 hours of high quality activity per week

MORE INFORMATION ON PAGE 16 OF EDEXCEL REVISION GUIDE

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