Slides in this set
The Balkans, pre-20 Century
· The Ottoman Turks invaded the
region at the end of the 14th Century
and ruled for some 500 years.
· The northern Austro-Hungarian Empire
grew stronger and loosened the grip of
the Turks at the end of the 17th
· A major redefinition was enacted by
the Treaty of Berlin in 1878.
· Serbia, Montenegro and Romania
became independent, and the
principality of Bulgaria was created.
Slovenia, Croatia stayed under the rule
of Austria-Hungary which also took
control of Bosnia-Herzegovina.…read more
· The Ottoman Empire had started to crumble
opening up opportunities for a wave of
· War erupted in 1912 when Montenegrin troops
moved across into the Ottoman Empire.
· The Balkan allies (Serbia, Bulgaria and Greece)
drove the Turks out of Albania, Macedonia and
· Serbia later turned against Bulgaria and
occupied most of Kosovo and Macedonia.
· Austro-Hungary sent the emperor's heir,
Archduke Franz Ferdinand to stop the violence
he attempted to promote the idea of South
Slavs playing a greater role in the empire
against Serbian expansion.
· He was assassinated in Sarajevo by Gavrilo
Princip, a Serb nationalist, which triggered the
outbreak of the First World War.…read more
· Following the defeat of Austro-Hungary in
1918, the Treaty of Versailles stated that
there should be a defined new pattern of
state boundaries in the Balkans.
· The Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and
Slovenes was founded in 1929 King
Alexander I changed the name of the state
to Yugoslavia (land of the South Slavs)
· The Serbs still dominated the
government, which resulted in an anti-
Serb movement following the authoritarian
monarchy alongside Serb dominance;
Croats in particular demanded
independence from Yugoslavia.
· Resentment led to the violent death of
King Alexander I in 1934.…read more
Pre-World War II
· German troops were welcomed by southern
Croatian fascists, allowing Hitler to reward
Croats (and Bosnians) with a nominally
independent puppet state Croatia.
· Widespread atrocities were committed on
· Jews, Serbs, Gypsies and anti-Fascists
were killed in concentration camps in
· Serbia came under the control of German
troops as Italians occupied Montenegro.
· Josep Broz Tito a communist with
Dragoljub Mihailovic lead rival partisans
against German troops when not fighting
· Kosovo was occupied by Albanian and
· Bulgarians invaded Macedonia.…read more