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Plant adaptations to habitats
Plants in different habitats possess different adaptations:
Mesophytes: plants adapted to a habitat with adequate
water
Xerophytes: plants adapted to a dry habitat
Halophytes: plants adapted to a salty habitat
Hydrophytes: plants adapted to a freshwater habitat…read more

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Hydrophyte:
Leaf undersurface of the tree fern. Extremely
high number of stomata per unit in a species
living in tropic cloud forests where is is very
moist.…read more

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XEROPHYTES…read more

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Xerophytes possess some or all of
these adaptations to prevent
excessive water loss
·Stomata sunken in pits creates local
humidity/decreases exposure to air currents;
·Presence of hairs creates local humidity next
to leaf/decreases exposure to air currents by
reducing flow around stomata;
·Thick waxy cuticle makes more waterproof
impermeable to water;…read more

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Xerophytes possess some or all of
these adaptations to prevent
excessive water loss cont.
·Stomata on inside of rolled leaf creates local
humidity/decreases exposure to air currents
because water vapour evaporates into air
space rather than atmosphere e.g. British
Marram grass
·Fewer stomata decreases transpiration as this
is where water is lost;…read more

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