Writing - Child Acquisition

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Isabelle Bradshaw (4025)
Writing Notes
Kroll Stages of Writing Development
Stage Age (yrs) Characteristics
Preparation Up to 6 Basic motor skills acquired alongside some spelling principles
Consolidatio Writing similar to spoken language, unfinished sentences, colloquial,
n conjunction `and'
Differentiatio Awareness of writing as separate from speech emerges, more
n understanding of writing for different audience/purposes
`Personal voice' in writing, appropriate linguistic choices being made
Integration Midteens
Barclay ­ 7 Stages of Writing Development
Stage Characteristics
Children make random marks on the page, which are not related to letters or
1 ­ Scribbling
Children practise drawing shapes on paper, although it is still usually not
2 ­ Mock Handwriting
possible to work out what the drawing represents.
Children produce random letters, but there is still no awareness of spacing or
3 ­ Mock Letters
of matching sounds with symbols.
Children start matching sounds with symbols and they write down letters that
4 ­ Conventional
match the sounds being heard or spoken. Children start using initial
consonants to represent words.
Most words are spelled phonetically, though some simple and familiar words
5 ­ Inverted Spelling
are spelled correctly.
6 ­ Appropriate Sentences become more complex as the child becomes more aware of
Spelling standard spelling patterns. Writing become more legible.
7 ­ Correct Spelling Most words are spelled correctly.
Rothery ­ Framework for categorising and evaluating children's writing
Category Features
Observation/comment Writer makes observation and follows with evaluative comment or mixes
Recount Chronological sequence of events, e.g. recount of school trip.
Report Factual and objective description of event: not really chronological
Narrative Story genre where scene is set for events to occur and be resolved at the end
Stein and Glenn ­ `Story Grammar'
The story line of most children's books goes in this order:
Order Characteristics
Setting The introduction of the main characters, the time and the place.
Initiating Events An action that sets up the initiating event.
Internal Response The protagonist's reactions to the initiating event.
Attempt An action or plan the protagonist to solve the problem.
Consequences The result of the protagonist's actions.
Reaction A response by the protagonist to the consequence.


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