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WORLD WAR 1

long term causes of the war short term causes of the war
The Rise of Germany The Killing in Sarajevo
Germany was divided into states until the Bosnia was part of Austria-Hungary but
middle of the 19th century. Most important many of its people were Serbs who…

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The home front

People were excited and supported the war. They felt they were fighting for the right cause ­
defending Belgium against Germany.

Many people saw it as heroic and exciting and wanted to fight for their country for patriotism.

Conscription

1914 ­ Initially asked for 100,000, yet 750,000…

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Effect on Civilians

Emotional Impact ­ loss of family members

People were exposed to a lot of propaganda

It was the first time that civilians were killed and bombed by the war, particularly in coastal towns.
1500 civilians died, the purpose of bombing civilians was to lower morale. Weapons used…

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Examples: The Women's Land Army, nursing, engineering, the Red Cross and farm labourers.

Attitudes/Status changes - Forced to stay in unhappy marriages during the war. After World War
One women over 30 could vote. Women gained respect yet they were constantly coming up with
objections to jobs and clothing. At…

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The Schlieffen Plan was very important for Britain's entry into the war. There would have been no
reason for her to get involved if Germany had not gone through Belgium. If they had not done in this
way Britain may not have got involved, or not until much later.

The…

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The Germans were first to use chlorine gas in 1915, the wind blew it over the British trenches. Lethal
gases were developed such as mustard gas which burnt, blinded and killed. Gas masks were made to
protect people.

Battle of Somme 1916

December 1915 Haig was appointed as commander of…

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The other fronts
The war at sea....

Before the war both Britain and Germany were in a race to build as many `Dreadnought' battle ships
as possible. The main importance of the war at sea was:

Protect ships bringing much needed supplies (especially from the USA) and to keep allied…

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disintegrating. When the Bolsheviks took over in November, the German army was advancing in
Russia, giving them little choice but to sign the treaty, leaving Germany fighting on only 1 front.



The disaster of Gallipoli

1915 Winston Churchill planned to attack Turkey.

Why?

Turkey was on Germanys side in the…

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Both sides then began to develop fighter planes to shoot down the reconnaissance planes. These
planes carried machine guns, and as the aircraft became more developed dog fights began to take
place.

By the end of the war planes were carrying bombs and were able to travel much further so…

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