World Cities Explanation

For Edexcel as geography

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  • Created on: 22-04-11 15:30
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World Cities
Urbanisation is increasing in 2007 there were 3.2 billion living in urban areas (more
than half the population of the world)
Many MEDCs have 90% urban population
A population of 5+million creates a super city
A population of 10+ million creates a mega city
Types of megacities
1. Major capitals and commercial cities in MEDCs e.g. Tokyo, New York
2. Major capitals and commercial cities in LEDCs e.g. Rio
3. Less important MEDC cities and capitals e.g. Madrid, Sydney
4. Less important LEDC cities and capitals e.g. Bangkok, Mexico City
Case Study Lagos, Nigeria less important LEDC Megaslum
95% of population growth happens in 3rd world countries
In 1950 there were 86 cities with a population over 1 million
Today there are 400 cities with a population over 1 million
By 2015 there will be an estimated 550+ cities with a population over 1 million
Lagos in 1950 had a population of 300,000
In 2004 it had a population of 13.4 million
By 2015 it will have an estimated population of 23 million
Around 10,000 people arrive weekly from all over Africa
Most end up living in the slums
Many work in the informal sector e.g. getting items from the dumps and reselling
them or making new things to sell
The majority of the slums are situated on the worst land in the cities e.g. dumps
The majority of the children work instead of going to school
Created the `Wage Puzzle' wages in Africa are decreasing where as everywhere
else they are increasing a large gap is developing between Africa and the rest of the
There is a lack of formal job creation the informal sector will be 90% of urban African
There is an increase in crime and corruption
`Area Boys' gangs mark their territory. Organised crime many make money through
drugs and extortion
23% of unemployment among young men
Ajegunle 1972 90,000 people living on 8km^2 of land= pressure on land
People blame it on neglect of the government no land to build on
No clear legal state government can get rid of the slums at any moment
Moroco in 1990 was demolished 300,000+ made homeless
`Survival of the fittest' culture is present
Charities are set up by locals to help the needy e.g. the insane
By 2020 it may be the urban footprint of word poverty

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