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Economic development and change related to urbanisation
Urbanisation: An increase in the proportion of a country's population that lives in towns
and cities. The two main causes or urbanisation are natural population growth and migration
into urban areas from rural areas.
Urbanisation is not a smooth progress. Many people in the third world have been pushed
from the countryside by poverty, unemployment, hunger and lack of opportunity and pulled
to the cities by the hope of wellpaid jobs, or at least the hope that they would be able to
survive in the informal economy.
Often there is a shortage of work, and available employment is poorly paid. There is a lack
of housing and outer infrastructure such as education, health care, sewers and water supply.
In some cities in the developing world, urbanisation has provided opportunities for economic
development as in Mumbai
India's biggest city
India's financial centre, a major port and industrial area, home of Bollywood and
centre of culture
Was origionally a series of fishing villlaes that became a port this encouraged
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Early growth was concentrated at the end of the peninsula, with acess to the sea on
both sides to the sea.
The British colonial administration in India developed the peninsula and sheltered
inlet into a major port.
The area around the port became industrialised, processing goods and handling
exports and became known as the Gateway to India. Later a whole variety of
services grew up around the port.…read more