Working Memory Model Revision/Essay plan

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  • Created on: 06-01-13 15:29
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Working Memory Model...Baddeley & Hitch 1974
AO1
Central Executive
See
thi
s has
the
mai
n cent
re
of
contr
ol i
t
has ver
y l
i
mited
c a paci
ty
and
simpl
y di
rect
s
at
tent
ion
to
the
two sl
ave
systems...
Phonological loop
Al
wa ys
li
nk
thi
s t
o your
i
nner v
o i
ce/i
nner
ear
.
Al
l
of
our audi
tor
y i
nfor
ma t
ion
goe s
her
e and is
preser
ved
int
o or
der
.
VisuoSpatial Sketchpad
This
system f
ocuses on w hat
we see,
our spat
ial
r
elat
ionshi
ps between obj
ect
s,
for
i
nst
ance t
hinki
ng ahead i
n a
sport
l
ike
footbal
l
w hen
everythi
ng's
alr
eady i
n moti
on an d
p i
ctur
ing
w hat
w i
l
l
hap pen
w hen
you
pass/
shoot.
T his
mo del
expl
a i
ns wh y
w e
can't
do t
oo si
milar
tasks
at
the
same t
ime.
(need
to
me nt
ion
for
ful
l
ma r
ks)
F ocuses on
ma inl
y f
unc ti
ons of
t
he STM
Evidence
CE- Bunge et al, used brain scans and saw that dual tasks showed more activity than single.
PL- Baddely- Word length effect (words too long to repeat decay)
VSS- Baddely- visual tracking task, two conditions, 1st was also to do another visual task whilst the
second was verbal. PPS in the 1st performed worse. (also backs up not being able to do two of the
same task)
Case study- KF, brain damaged, his auditory ability decreased BUT visuo stayed the same.
AO2 Strengths Weaknesses
Explains word length Emphasizes and explains
effect process rather than just
structure
Explains cases such as Explains STM in great
FK detail and explains the
differences.
Is one of the most used
models today.
Wh at ex a ct
ly
is
th e Damasio case study-
C E ? I
t's just tumor removed,
a tt
e nt
iont oo
va g ue, reasoning remained
th ere'
s
p rob abl
y mo r
e but decision making
th an on e ... decreased

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Mainly done on RLA
Case studies (no Has been used in
before and after) diagnosis e,g
brain injury's schizophrenia.…read more

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